Welcome to Birds In My Bins And Lens: Eyeing The Avifauna And Fauna Of The Americas. It has always been a childhood dream of mine to travel to the tropics. I vividly remember being nine years-old, thumbing through seemingly endless stacks of Ranger Rick, National Wildlife, National Geographic and International Wildlife Magazines, dreaming of visiting such wonderful places as: Costa Rica, Panama, Mexico, Colombia, etc. in order to see all the great birds and animals that call these places home. Finally, after 40 years, I am fulfilling my childhood dreams.

Photo Above: Flame-faced Tanager (Male) Ecuador August 2014


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Thursday, September 12, 2013

PANAMA. SEPTEMBER 3-10, 2013

 
 
The above photo is from Altos del Maria. An amazing place to bird! My guide, Danilo and I, found this areas first record of Three-wattled Bellbird. We also found great hard to find birds like: Black-capped Antpitta, Green Throntail, Snowcap, Brown-billed Scythebill and many others at this amazing place
 
After a very enjoyable, productive and rewarding birding trip to The Canopy Tower back in June, I decided to make a trek to the beautiful Republic of Panama once again. This time, I decided to stay at the Canopy Tower's sister resort, the Canopy Lodge.

The fabulous Canopy Lodge is situated approximately 60 miles west of Panama City in the picturesque El Valle de Anton. This beautiful village and area is nestled in the crater of an extinct volcano (the second largest inhabitated one in the world) and is surrounded by beautiful, jagged ridges and hills.

video


My driver, Lorenzo and I, driving through a section of the village, El Valle on our way to the lodge



The lodge grounds are teeming with birds. Feeders visible from the balcony of every room play host to a parade of colorful and exciting species such as Rufous Motmot, Flame-rumped, Crimson-backed, Tawny-crested, Blue-gray, and Palm tanagers; Buff-throated Saltator; and Orange-billed and Black-striped sparrows, to name just a few.





The surrounding gardens have been specifically planted to attract hummingbirds such as: Stripe-throated and Green hermits, Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer, Garden Emerald, and Snowy-bellied and Rufous-tailed hummingbirds.



The open air accommodations (seen in the photo above), of the common area and dinning room, offers amazing views of the jungle and birds. Even though you are in "the jungle" you are far from roughing it!

The pictures below are the guest housing. Each has it's own veranda that butts up pretty close to the trees and foliage. giving great views of the many birds that abound


 


Very nice to see Crimson-backed, Bay-headed, Flame-rumped Tanagers, Thick-billed Euphonias, Gray-headed Chachalacas, Snowy-bellied Hummingbirds, Chestnut-headed Oropendulas and many others at in your face ranges!

 

The photo the left is the room I stayed in while at the lodge. Fortunately for me, I was the only guest for the first four days of my stay. The original room that I booked months in advanced, was a single and smaller room. Since I was the only guest for a while, they graciously upgraded me to the larger room.







The beds were very comfortable. Sheets and pillow cases very clean. I enjoyed using all eight pillows each night. The screened doors and windows to the balcony, allowed the nice cool, clean evening air and night jungle sounds to fill my room each night, making for absolutely amazing and restful night's sleep.
 

The only negative, was the lack of Howler Monkeys in this region. I deeply missed their early morning chorus. I did however get to see a small group of Western Night Monkeys in the trees off my balcony and located a Tropical Screech Owl one night and a Mottled Owl on another night.

  
My room had a large, private bathroom with ample hot water in the shower, which is always a great thing to have.

Birding in style did not end with my living situation. My guide, Danilo and I, also birded "in style" with our mode of transportation. The two of us got to roam the countryside, mountain trails and other environs in a Porsche Cayenne.

I was impressed with this five seat mid-size luxury crossover. It handled the rough terrain pretty readily.


Further adding to my comfort on my trip was infusing all my sock, pants, shirts and boots with Permethrin prior to packing them.

This stuff is pretty amazing! I highly recommend it. Just read the directions and follow them. The Permethrin on my clothes, combined with the topical repellant, Ultrathon on my body, made for a bug bite, chigger and tick free week.

The only bite I received the entire week was from a Tarantula that I was playing with. Lesson learned. Don't play with big hairy spiders.

I wish I had used these two products on my previous trips to Costa Rica, Colombia and Panama. It sure would have saved me lots of grief. Especially with the no see-ums that feasted on me on my first day in Colombia and the chiggers from my first Panama trip!! I will definitely make these two products a main stay on my trip next year, either to Brazil or Ecuador.




THE BIRDS: Vamos a observar aves!


DAY ONE: DTW + MIA + PTY = PARADISE

I decided not to sleep, in fear of missing my 6:20am flight. So, I did many chores, packed and repacked my luggage, making sure I had everything and to be sure I had no contraband items in my carry-ons, that might upset the TSA.

My carry-on bags are the same bags I use for my self-defense classes. Items sometimes in these bags are training knives, ammunition, etc. I would hate to have a runaway 9mm round hiding in a corner of a pocket or something. Or having a hunkered down training knife stowed away in a dark recess. Something like that may impede my plans for vacation. Pat downs, cavity searches and interrogations tend to do that.

After I was satisfied my bags were clear of items that would cause a red flag through security and I had all the necessary items one would need for a birding trip to the tropics, I loaded my checked and carry-on luggage into my pick-up and headed out the door for the airport at 2:10am.

The almost hour ride to my typical parking spot at US Park, outside of Detroit Metro Airport was uneventful. Traffic light. Road conditions perfect. No fog. No rain. A perfect start to a perfect getaway.

I parked my truck and was whisked off to the airport by the shuttle at the parking lot. Dropped off at the doors and made my way to the ticketing counter in no time flat.

Thankfully, I upgraded to first class, when I checked in online the day before. I printed out my boarding passes and printed off all other pertinent paper work I would need. Doing so, sure made things so much easier.

Going through security was just as fast and uneventful. No runaway 9mm rounds, no practice knives or any other red flag items were in my gear. So, then it was off to breakfast; then to my gate and wait.

The first leg of my trip would take me to Miami. Three hour flight, in first class (my first time ever flying such). I would again get to enjoy breakfast...second breakfast. Just what a traveling Hobbit needs.

The flight to Miami was nice. There is no doubt that I will not fly economy again if I can help it.

The three hour layover until my flight to Panama City went quickly. Thank goodness. Again, I was in first class for the final leg of my trip. Yes, I am bragging.

The flight to Panama seemed to last an eternity. However, eventually the captain announced we will soon begin our decent. "Flight attendants, please prepare for landing..." I swear, I almost heard him say, "Jeff...get ready to go birding!"


Looking out my window, I could see the coastline of Panama and eventually many, many ships going to and from the canal. As we banked and began our decent, as we got lower and lower; closer to the water, I could see many Magnificent Frigatebirds soaring low over the water. Great Egrets and a handful of gulls were also easily seen.

As we were touching down, I could see Crested Caracaras and Savanna Hawks, on the grass along the runway. In the air and perched in trees, were hoards of  Black Vultures, Turkey Vultures, White Ibis, and Cattle Egrets. Groups of Southern Lapwings scurried away as the 737 roared past.

Debarking from the plane was quick. Yet another benefit of first class. Customs was uneventful and easy. The gentleman took my passport, asked me a few questions and said, "Welcome back to Panama!" My "muchas gracias" was sincere as I took my passport from him and went to get my luggage and go through my final security clearance and scan of my bags, before meeting my driver outside.

My driver, Lorenzo (who picked me up from the airport on my first trip) was standing there, waiting for me with a smile. Hellos were exchanged as were handshakes. He took my bags and we headed off for the Canopy Lodge van.

Now, Lorenzo is a nice guy and a good driver. Unfortunately for both of us, he doesn't speak a lick of English and my Spanish is limited to ordering beer, inquiring about the location of the restrooms, commenting on the beautiful women and other traveler basics.

The mostly quiet 2 1/2 hour ride from the airport to the lodge was interesting, but I passed the time birding out the windows and practicing my Spanish on Lorenzo. He was gracious, patient and seemed to understand me and I him for the most part.

Some of the birds along the way included: Magnificent Frigatebirds, Laughing Gulls, Ruddy Ground Doves, Great-tailed Grackles, Willets, Road-side Hawk, Savanna Hawk, American Kestrel, Southern Lapwing, Fork-tailed Flycatcher, Tropical Kingbirds, Rock Pigeon, Brown Pelican and many others.

We drove through various habitats. Up hills. Down hills. Snaked through tight, hair pin curves and
meandered through traffic. Eventually arriving to the village of El Valle and to our final destination, the world famous Canopy Lodge. I was greeted by several staff of the lodge, my bags taken to my room and then I was given my orientation of the grounds and told dinner would be in 20 minutes. Just enough time to checkout the birds before I ate.

Birds were everywhere. Gray-headed Chachalacas, Bay Wrens, Chestnut-headed Oropendulas, Thick-billed Euphonias, Blue-gray, Golden-hooded, Crimson-backed, Flame-rumped and Palm Tanagers abounded. While Stripe-throated and Green Hermits, Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer, Snowy-bellied and Rufous-tailed hummingbirds. darted all around.


A large Basilisk Lizard, darted out from it's hiding place to grab a large mantis. A red-tailed Squirrel ran in front of me, almost running over my feet. Ah, paradise!

I met my guide, Danilo and was given the low down for our first full day of birding, which would start the following morning after breakfast. Breakfast would promptly be at 6:00am. Danilo said his good-bye and I went and sat down to my first dinner at the lodge. it was nice being the only guest at the lodge. To sit quietly at the dinner table, in the open air dining room, watching all the butterflies and birds. Like I said,  "Ah, paradise!"



DAY TWO: CARA IGUANA TRAIL

Not far from the lodge is some amazing birding on the Cara Iguana Trail. This area is outstanding for foothill birding in some of the last remaining examples of quality Dry Pacific Forest.

I was excited to start my first full day of birding. After an amazing night's sleep and a belly filling breakfast, Danilo and I loaded up in the Porsche (that still sounds funny to me) and headed out in search of the many birds that call the Dry Pacific Forest home.

After a short 20 minute trip, we arrived at our destination, unloaded the gear we would need for our day's hike. With bottled water in our pockets, binoculars in hand, we set off.

The morning chorus of birds filled the misty, morning air. Birds were flitting around every where, as mixed flocks seemed to drip from the trees. And this is just when we got out of the car.  I knew that today would be a banner day. From the highlight list below, there was no doubt that it was.

Highlights: Gray-headed Chachalaca, Gray-necked Wood-Rail, Southern Lapwing, White-tipped Dove, Squirrel Cuckoo, Smooth-billed Ani, Spectacled Owl that was very, very close. Nothing like getting killer looks of these amazing, huge and beautiful owls.

Hummingbirds were well represented with: White-necked Jacobin, Green Hermit, Stripe-throated Hermit, Long-billed Starthroat, Violet Crowned Woodnymph, Blue-chested Hummingbird, Snowy-bellied Hummingbird and Rufous-tailed Hummingbird.

Further highlights included: Tody Motmots, Rufous Motmot, Green Kingfisher, Spot-crowned Barbet, Collared Aracari, Keel-billed Toucan, Lineated Woodpecker, Barred Forest Falcon, Blue-headed Parrot, Yellow-crowned Amazon, Barred Antshrike, White-bellied Antbird, Chestnut-backed Antbird, Black-faced Antthrush, Spotted Woodcreeper, Ochre-bellied Flycatcher, Pale-eyed Pygmy-Tyrant, Yellow-margined Flycatcher, White-winged Becard,  White-shouldered Tanager and the always stunning--Orange-billed Sparrow.

Mammals were represented fairly well with: Red-tailed Squirrel, Western Pygmy Squirrel (rare), Variegated Squirrel, Brown-throated Three-Toed Sloth, Central American Agouti, White-tailed Deer and various bats.

Even though the list above is not a complete list of what we saw on this first, full day, it does give you the idea that tropical birding can and will produce exceptional days.

Yes, there are lulls and breaks like birding anywhere, but when you find the birds, the activity can at times be frantic to almost over whelming. All in a good way!


The best bird for me on this day was the Barred Forest Falcon (Lifer). Danilo and I heard one calling in the thick jungle, just off the trail we were on. We located the bird as we scanned the lush forest. All that was visible on the bird was it's head. Nice scope view anyway.

Well, Danilo imitated it's call and within seconds, the bird came flying right at us and landed on a dead snag at eye level just mere feet away. At first, I thought he was aiming to land on me or strike me. He seemed angry and looked very angry...nothing like getting the stink-eye from such a cool hawk at five feet away.

The bird was too close to photograph. My lens doesn't have that close focus capability. So, I just had to stand there, eye to eye with an incredible raptor.

The bird and I had a stare down for roughly five minutes, before he eventually grew tired of the game and flew off


DAY THREE: LA MESA AND LA MINAS

La Mesa is a visually pleasing blend of secondary forest, scrubby pastures, overgrown fincas and grassy borders, is home to many of the area’s specialties. While La Minas is an excellent place to get a wide variety of birds. The road follows the ridge line, with sweeping vistas of forested mountains, speckled with grasslands and small fincas. The views from here are fantastic, as on a clear day near the summit, both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans can be seen!

Highlights: Swallow-tailed Kite (a kettle of 73 birds), Road-side Hawk, Scaled Pigeon, White-tipped Sicklebill (an awesome hummingbird), Black-throated Mango, Orange-bellied Trogon, Blue-throated Toucanet, Cocoa Woodcreeper, Plain Xenops, Common Tody-flycatcher, White-throated Spadebill, Tufted Flycatcher, Olive-sided Flycatcher, Dusky-capped Flycatcher, Panama Flycatcher, Boat-billed Flycatcher, Social Flycatcher, Thrush-like Schiffornis, White-ruffed Manakin, Red-eyed Vireo, Yellow-green Vireo, Black-chested Jay, Blue-and-white Swallow, Orange-billed Nightengale-Thrush, Black-and-white-Warbler, Cerulean Warbler, Dusky-faced Tanager, Tawny-crested Tanager, White-lined Tanager, Crimson-backed Tanager, Flame-rumped Tanager, Golden-hooded Tanager, Plain-colored Tanager, Bay-headed Tanager, Black-headed Saltator, Yellow-bellied Seedeater, Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch, Chestnut-capped Brush-finch, Black-striped Sparrow, Hepatic Tanager and Lesser Goldfinch.

The best bird for me this day was my lifer, Orange-bellied Trogon. Like the Barred Forest Falcon the day before, this bird was calling deep in the brush off the trail. Again, we played it's call and the bird came flying in, landing too close for photos. This gorgeous male just sat there, calling and staring at me. Nothing like getting life birds that close!


DAY FOUR: El CHIRU/JUAN HOMBRON BEACH / PLAYA SANTA CLARA

HIGHLIGHTS: Black-bellied Whistling Duck, Crested Bobwhite, Magnificent Frigatebird, Neotropic Cormorant, Anhinga, Brown Pelican, Great Egret, Snowy Egret, Little Blue Heron, Tricolored Heron, Green heron, White Ibis, Glossy Ibis, Lesser yellow-headed Vulture, Osprey, White-tailed Kite, Savanna Hawk, Roadside hawk, Short-tailed Hawk, Black-necked Stilt, Wattled Jacana, Spotted Sandpiper, Willet, Whimbrel, Ruddy turnstone (a new bird for Panama for my guide), Sanderling, Least Sandpiper, Pectoral sandpiper, Laughing Gull, Royal tern, Pale-vented Pigeon, Mourning Dove, Stiped Cuckoo, Ferruginous Pygmy Owl, Veraguan Mango (Endemic Hummingbird), Garden Emerald, Scaly-breasted Hummingbird, Sapphire-throated Hummingbird, Whooping Motmot, Crested Caracara, Yellow-headed Caracara, American Kestrel, Brown-throated Parakeet, Straight-billed Woodcreeper, Pale-breasted Spinetail, Southern-beardless Tyrannulet, Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher, Acadian Flycatcher, Fork-tailed Flycatcher, Lance-tailed Manakin, Scrub Greenlet, Rufous-browed Peppershrike, Tropical Mockingbird, Yellow warbler, Blue-black Grassquit, Ruddy-breasted Seedeater and Red-breasted Blackbird (an absolutely stunning bird),


DAY FIVE: COMING SOON!


DAY SIX: ALTOS del MARIA:

Departing early in the morning after breakfast, Danilo and I we drove from El Valle in air conditioned 4x4 SUV back along the Pan-American Highway and then up into the mountains. As the sun climbed over the highlands ahead of us.

Set in the mountains on the continental divide east of El Valle, Altos del Maria provides a spectacular addition to the Best of Central Panama Birding Package. Ascending an excellent paved road, we will climb a ridge to our destination, an expansive area of cloud forest at 3,600 ft. This area harbors an exciting variety of highland forest birds and added some amazing and uncommon birds to my life list.

HIGHLIGHTS: White Hawk, Short-tailed Hawk, Black Hawk-Eagle, Purplish-backed Quail Dove, White-collared Swift, White-tipped Sicklebill, Green Thorntail, Purple-throated Mountain-gem, Violet-headed Hummingbird, White-tailed Emerald, Snowcap, Orange-bellied Trogon, Blue-throated Toucanet, Bat Falcon, Blue-fronted Parrotlet, Plain Antvireo, Slaty Antwren, Dull-mantled Antbird, Black-crowned Antpitta, Brown-billed Scythebill, Red-faced Spinetail, Lesser Elaenia, Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant, White-throated Spadebill, Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher, Tropical Pewee, Long-tailed tyrant, Dusky-capped Flycatcher, Masked Tityra, Ochraceous Wren, Pale-vented Thrush, White-throated Thrush, Black-and-yellow-Tanager and the first ever recorded Three-wattled Bellbird  for this area! This particular one, was a female.

The best bird for this day, was obviously, the bellbird. This was a lifer for both Danilo and I. We were trying to find a Snowcap all day. For some reason, they were hard to come by...that's birding! We stopped at one location, searching the flowers for hummingbirds, mainly the Snowcap. Unfortunately, none were to be found among the many other species of hummingbirds feeding on the flowers.

As I was scanning the trees, a bird flew in front of us and landed on a dead snag. danilo saw it at the same time. He called out, "Jeff, do you see this bird!?" I said, "Yeah, "what the hell is it?" He said, "I don't know, I never seen this before..I was asking you"

We both watched this Flicker sized bird, with streaking on its breast. Danilo was taking it's picture with his iPhone, through his scope. I had an idea of what it was and asked danilo if he had his field guide. I thumbed through the plates until I came across the bellbird drawings. Sure enough, there she was! I don't know who was happier, me or Danilo. He had a huge smile on is face, shook my had and said, "WOW!!  Always fun seeing a guide get a lifer and be so excited.


DAY SEVEN: RIO INDIO & JORDANAL 

 

After breakfast we departed for a fun-filled day of Caribbean Slope birding! These fine, forested, new areas are not well-birded—by anybody—so who knows what might turn up! First stop is at Rio Indio, a great spot to try for the area's specialties.

HIGHLIGHTS: Cattle Egret, Swallow-tailed Kite, Black Hawk-Eagle, Short-tailed Hawk, Scaled Pigeon, Mottled Owl, Band-rumped Swift, Rufous-breasted Hermit, Striped-throated hermit, White-vented Plumleteer, Blue-chested Hummingbird, Rufous Motmot, Broad-billed Motmot, Barred puffbird, Spot-crowned Barbet, Collared Aracari, Keel-billed Toucan, Blue-headed Parrot, Checker-throated antwren, Black-faced Antthrush, Scaly-throated Leaftosser, Brown-capped Tyrannulet, Yellow Tyrannulet, Ochre-bellied Flycatcher, Sepia-capped Flycatcher, Paltry Tyrant, Long-tailed Tyrant, Cinnamon Becard, Golden-collared Manakin, Lance-tailed Manakin, Black-bellied Wren, Rufous-and-white Wren, Tropical Gnatcatcher, Sulphur-rumped Tanager, Yellow-bellied seedeater, Orange-billed Sparrow, Black-striped Sparrow, Red-throated Ant-Tanager and Crested Oropendula,


DAY EIGHT: LEAVING PARADISE: a.k.a  HOMEWARD BOUND


I always dread leaving!! This trip was no exception. After a very early breakfast, my driver, Lorenzo, picked me up at the lodge and off we went for our 2 1/2 hour drive to the airport. again, the ride was quiet. To pass the time, I scoped out the scenery through the windows, hoping to see at least one new bird before I boarded the plane.

All the usual suspects, bird wise  were seen. the only new sighting for me, was a mammal I had hoped to see on my previous trip to Panama a few months before. This came in the form of a Northern Tamandua, which is a medium sized, New World Anteater. Typically a nocturnal beast, this one must have been heading into the jungle for a long day's rest. A nice find and addition to my mammal life life list.

All the birds were those I had seen many days on the trip, that is until we hit the ocean coast that lines the highway into the airport. The sheer volume of birds was astounding. Thousands and thousands and thousands of shorebirds packed themselves tightly, shoulder to shoulder on any and all available mudflats. Gulls, pelicans, frigatebirds, terns, cormorants were in mass. The highlight was a couple of Brown Boobies (lifer) mixed in with the flying Magnificent Frigatebirds...ahh, yeas...score!


This was yet another amazing birding trip! The lodging was top notch. the food very, very good. My guide, Danilo was way beyond awesome! It was great just having the two of us bird the entire time. Nothing like having your own personal guide!!!


THE TRIP LIST: 265 species. Only includes those that were seen. I have to check my lists against each other, in order to see which are lifers. I did mark those that I know are lifers off the top of my head:

TINAMOUS (1)
Little Tinamou

DUCKS, SWANS & GEESE (1)
Black-bellied Whistling Duck

CURASSOWS, GUANS & CHACHALACAS (2)
Gray-headed Chachalaca
Black Guan

NEW WORLD QUAIL (1)
Crested Bobwhite

FRIGATEBIRDS (1)
Magnificent Frigatebird

BOOBIES & GANNETS (1)
Brown Booby

CORMORANTS (1)
Neotropic Cormorant

DARTERS (1)
Anhinga

PELICANS (1)
Brown Pelican

HERONS (6)
Great Egret
Snowy Egret
Little Blue Heron
Tricolored Heron
Cattle Egret
Green Heron

IBIS & SPOONBILLS (2)
White Ibis
Glossy Ibis

VULTURES (3)
Black Vulture
Turkey Vulture
Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture

HAWKS, EAGLES & KITES (8)
Osprey
Swallow-tailed Kite
White-tailed Kite
Savanna Hawk
White Hawk
Road-side Hawk
Short-tailed Hawk
Black Hawk-Eagle

RAILS, GALLINULES & COOTS (1)
Gray-necked Wood-Rail

PLOVERS & LAPWINGS (1)
Southern Lapwing

STILTS & AVOCETS (1)
Black-necked Stilt

JACANAS (1)
Wattled Jacana

SANDPIPERS & ALLIES (9)
Spotted Sandpiper
Willet
Lesser Yellowlegs
Whimbrel
Ruddy Turnstone
Sanderling
Semipalmated Sandpiper
Least Sandpiper
Pectoral Sandpiper

GULLS, TERNS & ALLIES (5)
Laughing Gull
Ring-billed Gull
Herring Gull
Least Tern
Royal Tern

PIGEONS & DOVES (9)
Rock Pigeon
Scaled Pigeon
Mourning Dove
Plain-breasted Ground-Dove
Ruddy Ground-Dove
Blue Ground-Dove
White-tipped Dove
Gray-chested Dove
Purplish-backed Quail-Dove

CUCKOOS (4)
Squirel Cuckoo
Striped Cuckoo
Smooth-billed Ani
Grove-billed Ani

TYPICAL OWLS (3)
Tropical Screech Owl
Spectacled Owl
Mottled Owl

SWIFTS (2)
White-collared Swift
Band-rumped Swift

HUMMINGBIRDS (23)
White-necked Jacobin
White-tipped Sicklebill
Rufous-breasted Hermit
Green Hermit
Stripe-throated Hermit
Black-throated Mango
Veraguan Mango (Endemic)
Green Thorntail
Green Crowned Brilliant
Long-billed Startthroat
Purple-throated Mountain-Gem (rare)
Garden Emerald
Violet-headed Hummingbird
Scaly-breasted Hummingbird
White-tailed Emerald
Snowcap
White-vented Plumeleteer
Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer
Violet-crowned Woodnymph
Blue-chested Hummingbird
Snowy-bellied Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Sapphire-throated Hummingbird

TROGONS (1)
Orange-bellied Trogon

MOTMOTS (4)
Tody Motmot
Whooping Motmot
Rufous Motmot
Broad-billed Motmot

KINGFISHERS (1)
Green Kingfisher

PUFFBIRDS (1)
Barred Puffbird

BARBET & TOUCANS (4)
Spot-crowned Barbet
Blue-throated Toucanet
Collared Aracari
Keel-billed Toucan

WOODPECKERS (3)
Black-cheeked Woodpecker
Red-crowned Woodpecker
Lineated Woodpecker


FALCONS & CARCARAS (5)
Barred Forest Falcon
Crested Caracara
Yellow-headed Caracara
American Kestrel
Bat Falcon

PARROTS (6)
Brown-throated Parakeet
Orange-chinned Parakeet
Blue-fronted Parrotlet
Brown-hooded Parrot
Blue-headed Parrot
Yellow-crowned Parrot

ANTBIRDS (11)
Fasciated Antshrike
Great Antshrike
Barred Antshrike
Plain Antvireo
Spot-crowned Antvireo
Slaty Antwren (rare)
Checker-throated Antwren
White-bellied Antbird
Chestnut-backed Antbird
Dull Mantled Antbird
Bicolored Antbird

GNATEATERS (2)
Black-crowned Antpitta (Great looks at this hard to find bird)
Black-faced Anththrush

OVENBIRDS & WOODCREEPERS (11)
Scaly-throated Leaftosser
Wedge-billed Woodcreeper
Northern-barred Woodcreeper
Cocoa Woodcreeper
Spotted Woodcreeper
Straight-billed Woodcreeper
Brown-billed Scythebill (Great long looks at this rare bird)
Plain Xenops
Spotted Barbtail
Red-faced Spinetail
Pale-breasted Spinetail


TYRANT FLYCATCHERS (32)
Brown-capped Tyrannulet
Southern-beardless Tyrannulet
Yellow Tyrannulet
Yellow-bellied Elaenia
Lesser Elaenia
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher
Sepia-capped Flycatcher
Paltry Tyrannulet
Northern Scrub-Flycatcher
Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant
Pale-eyed Pygmy-Tyrant
Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher
Common Tody-Flycatcher
Yellow-margined Flycatcher
White-throated Spadebill
Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher
Tufted Flycatcher
Olive-sided Flycatcher
Eastern Wood-Pewee
Tropical Pewee
Acadian Flycatcher
Long-tailed Tyrant
Dusky-capped Flycatcher
Panama Flycatcher
Great Kiskadee
Boat-billed Flycatcher
Rusty-margined Flycatcher
Social Flycatcher
Streaked Flycatcher
Piratic Flycatcher
Tropical Kingbird
Fork-tailed Flycatcher

TITYRAS, BECARDS & ALLIES (4)
Thrush-like Schiffornis
Masked Tityra
Cinnamon Becard
White-winged Becard

MANAKINS (3)
Golden-collard Manakin
White-ruffed Manakin
Lance-tailed Manakin

VIREOS (6)
Yellow-throated Vireo
Red-eyed Vireo
Yellow-green Vireo
Scrub Greenlet
Lesser Greenlet
Rufous-browed Peppershrike

JAYS & CROWS (1)
Black-chested Jay

SWALLOWS (5)
Gray-breasted Martin
Blue-and-white Swallow
White-thighed Swallow
Southern Rough-winged Swallow
Barn Swallow

WRENS (11)
Scaly-breasted Wren
House Wren
Ochreous Wren
Rufous-breasted Wren
Black-bellied Wren
Rufous-and-white Wren
Plain Wren
Bay Wren
White-breasted Wood-Wren
Gray-breasted Wood-Wren
Song Wren

GNATCATCHERS (3)
Tawny-faced Gnatwren
Long-billed Gnatwren
Tropical Gnatcatcher

THRUSHES (4)
Orange-billed Nightengale-Thrush
Pale-vented Thrush
Clay-colored Thrush
White-throated Thrush

MOCKINGBIRDS & ALLIES (1)
Tropical Mockingbird

WOOD-WARBLERS (6)
Black-and-white Warbler
Cerulean Warbler
Blackburnian Warbler
Yellow Warbler
Buff-rumped Warbler
Rufous-capped Warbler

BANANAQUIT (1)
Bananaquit

TANAGERS (19)
Black-and-yellow Tanager
Rosy Thrush Tanager
Dusky-faced Tanager
Sulphur-rumped Tanager
White-shouldered Tanager
Tawny-crested Tanager
White-lined Tanager
Crimson-backed Tanager
Flame-rumped Tanager
Blue-gray Tanager
Palm Tanager
Golden-hooded Tanager
Plain-colored Tanager
Bay-headed Tanager
Emerald Tanager
Silver-throated Tanager
Scarlet-thighed Dacnis
Green Honeycreeper
Red-legged Honeycreeper

GENUS INCERTAE SEDIS (3)
Streaked Saltator
Buff-throated Saltator
Black-headed Saltator

BUNTINGS & ALLIES (11)
Blue-black Grassquit
Variable Seedeater
Yellow-bellied Seedeater
Ruddy-breasted Seedeater
Thick-billed Seedfinch
Yellow-faced Grassquit
Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch
Orange-billed Sparrow
Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch
Black-striped Sparrow
Common Bush-Tanager

CARDINALS & ALLIES (4)
Hepatic Tanager
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager
Red-throated Ant-Tanager
Blue-black Grosbeak

BLACKBIRDS & ALLIES (8)
Red-breasted Blackbird
Eastern Meadowlark
Great-tailed Grackle
Giant Cowbird
Yellow-backed Oriole
Yellow-billed Cacique
Crested Oropendula
Chestnut-headed Oropendula

GOLDFINCHES & ALLIES (5)
Yellow-crowned Euphonia
Thick-billed Euphonia
White-vented Euphonia
Tawny-capped Euphonia
Lesser Goldfinch


OLD WORLD SPARROWS (1)
House Sparrow

 

Friday, June 14, 2013

PANAMA. JUNE 5-13, 2013


AN APPROACHING AFTERNOON THUNDER STORM, OVER THE PANAMA JUNGLE, PHOTOGRAPHED FROM ATOP THE WORLD FAMOUS CANOPY TOWER


INTRODUCTION

I recently returned from a very enjoyable, solo,  first ever trip to Panama (I will be returning to a different part of this beautiful country in September and I am making plans for a third trip next year). I had spent the entire trip in central Panama, mostly within the former Canal Zone.
 
I resided at the Canopy Tower for this trip and was very happy with the decision. For more information see www.canopytower.com.

The facilities are first rate as was the entire staff at the tower and main office. The food was fabulous and plenty of it. In other words, I didn't go hungry. I highly recommend this lodge to any birder and feel, that this would make a great introduction to some one's first tropical birding adventure.

Panama is a beautiful place.  I never once felt uneasy or  unsafe. The people I met were nothing but friendly. I can't wait for my return trip. For a little, brief history lesson about Panama, check out this link:  http://www.infoplease.com/country/panama.html


The Canopy Tower (a former US radar facility) is located within the Soberania National Park and is surrounded by quality forest. The birding atop the tower and along the road down Semaphore Hill and on the Plantation Trail, right out side the tower grounds, was nothing short of fantastic.

On my birding forrays, I visited the Ammo Dump Ponds in Gamboa, Pipeline Road (twice), Summit Ponds, the old Gamboa Road (twice) and the Metropolitan Park. All are within a few minutes drive of the tower.

Quality looks at many secretive species was easy at these locations. There were so many birds at times, in all directions, that it was difficult deciding what bird I wanted to look at.

My longest excursion was to Cerro Azul, which is basically a resort community, a two hour drive from the tower. Cerro Azul (Blue Hill) is where many people in Panama have vacation homes (basically a gated community) in the higher elevations, to escape the Panama heat. The birding at Cerro Azul was unbelievable.

My guides, Michael and Alex, were simply amazing! They are very friendly and have contagious personalities. These two gentleman, native Panamanians, knew their birds inside and out. They knew every call and squeak of every bird and where to find the birds. They are very patient with clients and work amazingly hard to get you on each and every bird. They made great birding companions and became quick friends.

The views from the tower are impressive. Each new sunrise is different than the one before. Some days, the low laying fog and clouds, envelope the hills. Other mornings, the sun lights up the Forest.

I would wake up every morning around 4:00am and make my way up the stairs through the tower, to open the hatch and spend a couple of hours alone atop the tower.

The night's wildlife was still active, as they were making way for the coming day shift. Kinkajou, Owls, Bats, Night Monkey and other nocturnal denizens could occasionally be seen in the beam of my spot light. Other creatures of the night, could be heard calling in the distance or scurrying through the canopy and forest floor below.

Most of all, I enjoyed just watching the sun come up over the jungle. It was peaceful beyond words. It has been a long time since I felt so relaxed. So stress free. No cares. No worries. Just total awe at what became visible with the coming light.



The fruiting Cercropia Trees that are right outside the tower and bedroom windows were animal magnets.These trees are just "outside arms length" and provide food and perches for many birds and mammals, which come to feed on the fruit and leaves each day, as well as predators, who come to feed on those who feed on these trees.



 

 
 

Bird species seen in and above these trees and surrounding forest, reads like a who's who of tropical birding. Keel-billed Toucans (the photo to the left), Plain Tanagers, Blue-gray Tanagers, Red-lored Parrots, Mealy Parrots, Blue-headed Parrots, Green-shrike Vireo, Golden-hooded Tanagers, Thick-billed Euphonia, Cinnamon Woodpecker, Squirrel Cuckoo, Barred Antshrike, Rufous Motmot, Short-tailed Hawk, White Hawk and three species of Honeycreepers, to just name a few.
 

One of my favorite daily visitors to the tower's Cercropia Trees, were colorful and highly animated, Collared Aracari (seen to the right).

These crazy, yet beautiful, Toucans look fake and are one the more colorful (plumaged and personality) birds of the tropics.

Their beaks, about 4 inces long, are almost a quarter of the bird's entire body.

They are highly social, roaming the jungle in groups of up to 15 birds.
  
THE MAMMALS

Mammals like Mantled Howler Monkey, Geoffrey's Tamarin, Brown-throated Three-toed Sloths and Jamaican Fruit-eating Bats are nothing short of daily events.
 
 
video
 
The above, poor quality video transfer from my iPad, is of a male Mantled Howler Monkey (I named Eugene) that came to visit the tower on a few days while I was there. He and I were "bonding". He grew bolder with me and seemed to want to come into the room with me, through the window. I felt bad for him, because he had a pretty hefty infestation of Botflies.
 
These botflies use mosquitoes as vectors in which to attached their eggs to. When the mosquito bites, an egg is deposited through that bite or onto the skin of a helpless victim. The egg hatches and the maggot burrows into the host's body, feeding on it's flesh. The maggot grows larger and forms a large, open tubular sore on the victim, called a "warble."  Examples of warbles, can be seen on this poor primate's neck in the photo above, taken with my cellphone..
These parasites rarely kill their host, but no doubt, makes them miserable. Poor, Eugene. Hopefully, I will not have this parasite from some of the mosquito bites I received...! Time will tell. If I do, I will post pictures!
 
As I said above, "Eugene" seemed to want to come into my room with me. What he would have done when/if he did, will remain a mystery...He seemed to grow frustrated that he couldn't get in, that the window was just "outside" his jumping range. He would grunt, pace back and forth on a limb, just feet from me at my window. He would break branches off the tree he was in. Probably out of anger since he couldn't reach me.
 
Eventually,  he calmed back down and would mimic me sticking my tongue out at him. It was rather comical made him appear more human than a wild animal. Obviously, these primates are rather intelligent.  I miss old Eugene and hope he recovers from his Botfly infestation fully and completely
 
 
 
 
The mantled howler monkey lives in Southern Mexico, Central and South America.  They eat fruits, leaves, and flowers. Compared to the humpback whale the mantled howler monkey is the second loudest animal in the world. You can hear them three miles away. Also if you listen very closely you would hear their warning call "HUH! HUH! HUH!"
 
I deeply miss hearing these guys each and every morning, outside the tower. There were at least five groups near the tower. They would begin their howls around 5:30am like clock work. Each group howling back to the next.
 
Besides Howler Monkeys, other mammals visited very close to the tower. One of my favorites was the Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth. These guys will not break any land speed records, but what they lack in speed, most certainly make up for it with agility and strength. It is amazing watching them hang from three toes on one foot, high up in the canopy.


The three-toed sloth is an arboreal animal, inhabiting the tropical forests of Central and South America. Their algae-covered fur helps camouflage the sloth in its forest environment. Sloths spend nearly all of their time in trees, descending to the ground only once a week to defecate.
 

Sloths are herbivores (plant eaters), feeding on a low-energy diet of leaves, twigs and fruit. Because of their slow movement and metabolism, it can take up to a month for a sloth to digest a single meal.
 
Sloths are among the slowest-moving animals on Earth; they can swim but are virtually unable to walk. This makes them an easy target for jaguars, eagles and people that hunt sloths for their meat. The brown-throated three-toed sloth population is threatened by deforestation, habitat fragmentation, and human encroachment. In addition, their restricted diet prevents them from thriving in captivity.
 
Without a doubt, one of the cutest tower visitors, were the agile and beautiful, Geoffrey's Tamarin. This arboreal monkey was a great highlight of my trip.

Geoffroy's Tamarin is most active during the day and rests in the safety of the tree tops during the night. Geoffroy's tamarins are very sociable animals and inhabit their territory with their rest of the Geoffroy's Tamarin troop which generally have between 3 and 9 members. Geoffroy's tamarin troops are led by the eldest female and have predominantly male members.

The Geoffroy's Tamarin (right)is an omnivorous animal meaning that the Geoffroy's tamarin hunts both plants and other animals in order to survive. Fruits,insects and green plants make up the majority of the Geoffroy's tamarin's diet along with small rodents and reptile eggs and tree sap. Due to it's relatively small size, the Geoffroy's tamarin,  has a number of predators within it's natural environment. Wildcats, snakes and birds of prey are primary predators of the Geoffroy's tamarin, along with humans who are destroying their natural habitat.

I acquired a nice list of mammal sightings on this trip: Mantled Howler Monkey, Geoffrey's Tamarin, Agouti, White-nosed Coati, Collared Peccary, Capybara, Verrigated Squirrel, Red-tailed Squirrel, White-tailed Deer, Kinkajou, Western Night Monkey, Jamaican Friut-eating Bat, Hoffman's Two-toed Sloth, Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth and a variety of unidentified bats that were seen nightly

I was really hoping to see an ant Eater on this trip. It wasn't for the lack of effort, that I didn't. I knew they were around and that I was close to them because their sign, like their scat (pictured right), were around quite frequently.

The mammals were impressive on this trip! Even so, the best for me, were the birds. As a birder, I love Central and South America. I have been to Costa Rica and Columbia and  I am totally hooked and addicted to these regions, the people, the food and the wildlife.

THE BIRDS: Vamos a observar aves!

The birding on this trip was amazing! I took very few photos of the birds, because the lighting for photos was not the best, seeing I have a relatively slow lens, for low light photography. Also, there were so many birds in mixed flocks, that taking photos would mean missing birds, and most likely, missing something rare.

I will start out with the bird of the trip for me. This bird was number two on my "most wanted to see" list. Second only to the Harpy Eagle (which I unfortunately didn't see. Next year's trip to Panama will hopefully change that. However, for now, I am more than pleased with this trip's results).

The bird of the trip, was a raptor. A cool raptor. Then again, all raptors are cool. I was fortunate enough to see three of my second most wanted bird: The large and impressive, Black Hawk Eagle. My first sighting was a bird high up in the sky, on Pipeline Road.

That sighting was nice and offered excellent views. However, my best sighting would come on my second to last day of the trip. When I found a perched bird right off the "trail."

He/she was very cooperative, allowing several close views. He flew off but returned again, after Michael, my guide, vocalized his call. Where the bird perched next to us once again, allowing us killer in your face, eye to eye views through the scope.



Though light and small compared to other eagles, this bird is a powerful predator that frequently hunts relatively large prey. It mainly eats large rodents opossums and monkeys as well as, occasionally, bats and birds. Its popular name in Brazil is "Gavião-pega-macaco", which means "monkey-catching hawk". The birds it takes can be quite large, such as toucans,and chachalacas

These pictures do not do this magnificent raptor justice. The pictures also do not impress the closeness of this bird while perched. It was an amazing experience having this bird, stare me in the eye. It's orange eyes seemed to burn right through me.
  
One of the neatest things finding while out birding, were a few large Army Ant Swarms. It is around these swarms that many hard to see, let alone find, birds are located. These birds rely on these swarms and are drawn to them like magnets. They catch and eat all the fleeing animals and insects that the ants don't get.

The Army Ants destroy and kill most every living thing in their path. Those creatures unfortunate enough to be caught on the ground have little hope for escape. If the ants don't get them, birds will.

I will attest, that Army Ants bite and they bite hard!

video

In this video from my cellphone, you can see just a very small fraction of an Army Ant Swarm

The list of Antbirds, Antwrens, Antshrikes, Antpittas, and Woodcreepers (these are birds)that were present at these swarms were awesome and added many lifers to my growing list of birds.from the trip


 One of the more common followers of these ant swarms, were Bicolored Antbirds. Not the most colorful bird, but beautiful in it's own right.

These guys took full advantage of gleaning the scurrying insects from the path of the advancing swarm. Sometimes, the antbirds ate the ants,






The Bicolored Antbird is one of four species of Gymnopithys antbirds, and is speculated to be an obligate ant-follower. Nine subspecies are currently recognized over the species’ relatively wide range, which encompasses Central America from Honduras south to Panama, then through northern Colombia south to western Ecuador.


 
My most favorite bird in the ant swarms, was the very beautiful Ocellated Antbird. Unfortunately, I didn't get any photos of this absolutely stunning bird. Next time, I will! I did however, get awesome looks at 2-3 of these often hard to see and find birds.


Another follower of the swarm, was the beautiful Spotted Anbird (left). The photo is blurry, due to low light levels at the forest floor and that, this little dude wouldn't stop moving.
 
These little birds are known not only to eat the insects that flee the swarms, but they also eat the lizards that flee for their lives!


 
Another picture from my blurry collection, is a photo of number three of my most wanted birds for the trip, a Collared Forest Falcon.  This cool raptor was a treat to see. I have heard them in Colombia, but never, to my dismay, got to see one. Our sharp-eyed guide, Michael, saw this huge, beauty perched off the "trail" and allowed us great views. Even though the photo is blurry, my views through my bins, were razor sharp and are carved into my brain forever!
 
 
 

 
 
video
 
 

 

Hummingbirds, always a favorite, were impressive on this trip! Band-tailed Barbthroat,, Green Hermit, Long-billed Hermit, Stripe-throated Hermit, White-necked Jacobin, Black-throated Mango, Rufous-crested Coquette, Violet-crowned Woodnymph, Violet-bellied Hummingbird, Blue-chested Hummingbird, Snowy-bellied Hummingbird, Rufous-tailed Hummingbird, White-vented Plumeleteer, Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer and Purple-crowned Fairy were all seen and seen well! (Birds in red are lifer hummingbirds).
 
The video above, was taken at a set of feeders from a private residence on Cerro Azul. It just shows a small sampling of the birds at their many feeders. The Banaquit in the video is pretty cool too.
 
The couple who live here, moved to Panama two years ago from Florida. Very nice people. got to visit with them a while. Of course, they had to share with me their yard bird Harpy Eagle story !! Man-O-man! That is  the number one bird I have wanted to see since I was nine years old! Someday!

 
  
 
REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS
 
 
One frog (above) that I found had some amazing "blending into the environment skills. I haven't identified the frog yet. He was small, about the size of our Chorus Frog here in Michigan.
 
 
Reptiles and Amphibians were abundant. Lots of frogs and lizards and a few snakes were seen daily. I did not see any poisonous snake, unfortunately. I wanted badly to see some. Colorful poison dart frogs were common. These critters are absolutely beautiful. The jungle was full of frog calls, most went unseen, but many were seen hopping across the trails.
 
The best reptile sightings, were the huge Alligators. One individual, was a massive beast, measuring well over 15 feet. Definitely gave me chills. I tried walking out on a dock in a lagoon to photograph a 12 footer, but got nervous when he submerged. My guide, Michael, who was standing on a hill behind me said, "Jeff, you know they can jump out of the water and grab you!"
 
I saw a trail of bubbles coming to the dock and I high-tailed it up the hill. Yup, the Croc was making his way to me on the dock. Fun times!!
 
 
The small puddles on the forest floor and on various leaves of large plants, were full of frog eggs, egg masses and tadpoles. It was interesting walking through the jungle and seeing several foamy egg masses in almost every puddle of water
 
ADDITIONAL PHOTOS
 
One of the cool signs I saw while on the trip. There are lots of signs to have people watch for wildlife. Kind of like our "Deer Crossing" signs here in the states. I think the Capybara sign  is better, personally.
 
 
My last sunrise of the trip. She was a beauty. I definitely miss these.
 
 
 
Of all the places I have been blessed to visit, Panama is thus far my favorite. I am looking forward to my return visit on September 3, 2013. I will be residing at the Canopy Lodge near the village of El Valle. This trip will produce a new set of birds, for the most part. There will be some overlap, of course. Until then, I will have to suffer through my bout of PPD (Post Panama Depression).
 
 
 
CHECKLIST  245 Species: (Only includes those birds seen and not heard)  Birds in RED are lifers, over 100 lifers in all.

Great Tinamou
Little Tinamou
Black-bellied Whistling Duck
Gray-headed Chachalaca
Wood Stork
Magnificient Frigatebird
Neotropic Cormorant
Brown Pelican
Rufescent Tiger Heron
Great Eget
Snowy Egret
Tricolored Heron
Green Heron
Striated Heron
Capped Heron
Boat-billed Heron
Black Vulture
Turkey Vulture
King Vulture
Gray-headed Kite
Pearl Kite
Swallow-tailed Kite
Snail Kite
Double-toothed Kite
Crane Hawk
Semiplumbeous Hawk
White Hawk
Common Black Hawk
Great Black Hawk
Roadside Hawk
Short-tailed Hawk
Swainson's Hawk
Black Hawk Eagle
Collared Forest Falcon
Crested Caracara
Yellow-headed Caracara
Bat Falcon
White-throated Crake
Gray-headed Wood-Rail
Purple Gallinule
Common Gallinule
Southern Lapwing
Wattled Jacana
Laughing Gull
Royal Tern
Rock Pigeon
Pale-vented Dove
Scaled Pigeon
Short-billed Pigeon
Ruddy Ground Dove
White-tipped Dove
Gray-chested Dove
Orange-chinned Parakeet
Brown-hooded Parrot
Blue-fronted Parrotlet
Blue-headed Parrot
Red-lored Parrot
Mealy Parrot
Squirrel Cuckoo
Greater Ani
Smooth-billed Ani
Spectacled Owl
Mottled Owl
Lesser Night Hawk
White-collared swift
Short-tailed Swift
Band-rumped Swift
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift
Band-tailed Barbthroat
Green Hermit
Long-billed Hermit
Stripe-throated Hermit
White-necked Jacobin
Black-throated Mango
Rufous-crested Coquette
Violet-crowned Woodnymph
Violet-bellied Hummingbird
Blue-chested Hummingbird
Snowy-bellied Hummingbird
Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
White-vented Plumeleteer
Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer
Purple-crowned Fairy
Slaty-tailed Trogan
Black-tailed Trogan
White-tailed Trogan
Gartered Trogan
Black-throated Trogan
Whooping Motmot
Rufous Motmot
Broad-billed Motmot
Ringed Kingfisher
Amazon Kingfisher
Green Kingfisher
American-Pygmy Kingfisher
White-necked Puffbird
Black-breasted Puffbird
White-whiskered Puffbird
Great Jacamar
Collared Aracari
Yellow-eared Tucanet
Keel-billed Toucan
Chesnut-manibled Toucan
Black-cheeked Woodpecker
Red-crowned Woodpecker
Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker (Endemic)
Cinnamon Woodpecker
Crimson-crested Woodpecker
Scaly-throated Leaftosser
Plain Xenops
Plain-brown Woodcreeper
Ruddy Woodcreeper
Northern Barred-Woodcreeper
Cocoa Woodcreeper
Black-striped Woodcreeper
Spotted Woodcreeper
Fasciated Antshrike
Great Antshrike
Barred Antshrike
WesternSlaty-Antshrike
Russet Antshrike
Spot-crowned Antvireo
Checker-throated Antwren
White-tailed Antwren
Dot-winged Antwren
Dusky Antbird
Jet Antbird
White-bellied Antbird
Chestnut-backed Antbird
Spotted Antbird
Bicolored Antbird
Ocellated Antbird
Black-faced Antthrush
Black-headed Antthrush
Black-crowned Antpitta
Streak-chested Antpitta
Brown-capped Tyrannulet
Southern Bearless-Tyrannulet
Yellow Tyrannulet
Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet
Forest Elaenia
Gray Elaenia
Greenish Elaenia
Yellow-bellied Elaenia
Lesser Elaenia
Ochre-bellied Flycatcher
Paltry Tyrannulet
Common Tody-Flycatcher
Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher
Brownish Twistwing
Olivaceous Flatbill
Yellow-margined Flycatcher
Golden-crowned Spadebill
Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher
Black-tailed Flycatcher
Bright-rumped Attila
Rufous Mourner
Dusky-capped Flycatcher
Panama Flycatcher
Lesser Kiskadee
Great Kiskadee
Boat-billed Flycatcher
Rusty-marginated Flycatcher
Social Flycatcher
Sreaked Flycatcher
Piratic Flycatcher
Tropical Kingbird
Cinnamon Becard
White-winged Becard
Masked Tityra
Black-crowned Tityra
Purple-throated Fruitcrow
Blue Continga
Golden-collared Manakin
White-ruffed Manakin
Lance-tailed Manakin
Blue-crowned Manakin
Red-capped Manakin
Lesser Greenlet
Green-shrike Vireo
Black-chested Jay
Gray-breasted Martin
Mangrove Swallow
Southern Rough-winged Swallow
Black-bellied Wren
Bay Wren
Rufous-breasted Wren
Rufous-and-white Wren
Buff-breasted Wren
House Wren
White-breasted Woodwren
Scaly-breasted Wren
Song Wren
Tawny-faced Gnatwren
Tropical Gnatcatcher
Clay-colored Thrush
Tropical Mockingbird
Rufous-capped Warbler
Common Bush-Tanager
Black-and yellow-Tanager
Rosy Thrush-Tanager
Gray-headed Tanager
White-shouldered Tanager
Crimson-backed Tanager
Flame (Lemon)-rumped Tanager
Blue-gray Tanager
Palm Tanager
Golden-hooded Tanager
Speckled Tanager
Plain-colored Tanager
Rufous-winged Tanager
Bay-headed Tanager
Emerald Tanager
Blue Dacnis
Green Honeycreeper
Shinning Honeycreeper
Red-legged Honeycreeper
Streaked Saltator
Buff-throated Saltator
Black-headed Saltator
Slate-colored Grosbeak
Blue-black Grassquit
Variable Seedeater
Yellow-belied Seedeater
Thick-billed Seed-Finch
Yellow-faced Grassquit
Black-striped Sparrow
Hepatic Tanager
Red-crowned Ant-Tanager
Red-throated Ant-Tanager
Carmial's Tanager
Blue-black Grosbeak
Great-tailed Grackle
Yellow-backed Oriole
Yellow-tailed Oriole
Yellow-billed Cacique
Scarlet-rumped Cacique
Yellow-rumped Cacique
Chestnut-headed Oropendola
Yellow-crowned Euphonia
Thick-billed Euphonia
Fulvous-vented Euphonia
Tawny-capped Euphonia
House Sparrow